Historically, there are 5 types of P-BRSS:
1) mutual support within addiction
recovery mutual aid societies (e.g., sponsorship rituals in A.A.),
2) people in recovery
working in non-clinical roles to provide pre-treatment and in-treatment recovery support
(e.g., as outreach workers, detox techs, house managers, case managers),
3) people in
recovery working in clinical roles in primary addiction treatment (e.g., as addiction
counselors or as physicians, nurses, psychologists or social workers),
4) people in
recovery providing person/family-focused recovery support services after primary
5) people in recovery working as systems change agents (e.g., as
community organizers, educators, policy advocates).
While such roles date from the 18th and 19th centuries, they have expanded dramatically in recent years. The proliferation of paid recovery support specialists (e.g., recovery coaches, personal recovery assistants, etc.) is a point of some controversy within communities of recovery.